Manas. Studies into Asia and Africa.

Electronic Journal of the Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures
Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”


Dear author(s), before you start preparing your manuscript, please get acquainted with the editorial policy and publishing ethics presented in "About the journal".

License agreement

In submitting a text for publication in this journal you accept the following license agreement: 

In submitting a scholarly text to Manas: Studies into Asia and Africa I certify that

  1. I am authorized by my co-authors to enter into these arrangements*.
  2. I am/we are the sole author(s) of the text and have full authority to enter into this agreement;
  3. The submitted scholarly text is original, has not been formally published in another scholarly journal, a collection of papers, or a collective monograph, is not under consideration by another journal and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights;
  4. in case the text is accepted for publication, I/we agree  

*This clause is valid only in case the manuscript is co-authored.

Preparing your manuscript for submission

The manuscript should comply with the requirements enumerated below.

1. Language

The basic language of the texts to be published should be English or Bulgarian.  The texts may contain terms or linguistic examples in all languages used in Asia and Africa, transcribed/transliterated or written in the original script. 

The abstracts of the articles are published both in English and Bulgarian. Bulgarian speaking authors should submit the title page (see below) and the abstract in English and Bulgarian, notwithstanding the language of the article. All other authors submit their title pages and abstracts in English only, and the Journal takes care of their transliteration/translation into Bulgarian. 

Authors, who submit a text in English but are non-native speakers of English need to ensure that their text meets the linguistic standards for academic publications in English. Such authors are advised to have their texts edited by a native speaker of English or an English language professional, or alternatively use online tools like,,  

Please do not forget to run an automatic spell-check before submitting! 

2. Length

Article -  up to 10 000 words, incl. the notes and the references; 

Abstract of an article - up to 200 words plus 5-7 keywords;

Book review - up to 2000 words;

Text for "Chronicles" - up to 5000 words. 

3. Formatting and style

3.1. Electronic Formats

For your initial submission, please send your entire manuscript at, including tables and illustrative elements (figures, pictures, etc.) as a single PDF file.

If your manuscript is accepted for publication, you will be invited to send it to us as an MS Word file (.docx).

The tables (if relevant) should be left in their relevant place in the text. 

The illustrative elements (if relevant) should be provided as separate files (.png or .jpeg, with sufficient resolution, maximum size of the longest side: 2000 px), with their place in the text clearly marked with captions and copyright if applicable (e.g. Illustration 1. Caption. Copyright: ...). 

The illustration files should be named with the author’s surname and numbered according to their succession in the text (e.g. Author's Surname_01).

3.2. Fonts

All the fonts used in the text and the tables should be Unicode-based 

If you use scripts other than Latin and Cyrillic for parts of the text (e.g. language examples) please provide those parts as a separate PDF-file. 

3.3. Notes 

Please use only content notes, automatically generated and numbered as footnotes. 

3.4. For in-text citations, tables, figures, and the reference list, please follow the Formatting and Style Guide of the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th edition.

H E R Е you will find examples for the formatting of in-text citations and quotations, as well as for the description of the most widely used types of sources in the list of references (link to the pdf file)

For more information on issues, related to the language, style and formatting of academic papers in English, you are advised to consult the Style and Grammar Guidelines on

3.5. For issues related to the presentation of sources in different languages and scripts please follow the following guidelines 

  • In the in-text citations, the authors’ family names written originally in non-Latin scripts are transliterated into the Latin script, in accordance with the transliteration rules for the respective language.
  • The list of references is ordered according to the alphabetical order of the authors’ family names, written originally in or transliterated to the Latin script.
  • The description of sources originally in a non-Latin script is given transliterated to the Latin script, followed by the description in the original script.


Ruseva, G. (2012). Gramatica na identichnostta – za razvitieto na dumata atman v indoariiskite ezitsi. Indologicheskafondatsia Iztok-Zapad, Sofia [Граматика на идентичността – за развитието на думата атмáн в индоарийските езици. Индологическа фондация Изток–Запад, София]

Sweetser, E. (1990). From Etymology to Pragmatics. Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Cambridge University Press.

You may find it helpful to use an online transliteration tool, e.g.:,

4. Anonymization of the manuscript

The manuscript should be anonymized for the sake of double-blind reviewing. 

4.1. The names of the author/authors shouldn’t be mentioned in the abstract, the main text or headers/footers. If you find it necessary to cite your own work, refer to it in the third persone.g. write “Smith (2015) has previously demonstrated”, not “I have previously demonstrated (Smith 2015)”.

If you’re unable to avoid referring to self-cited work in the first person, then replace your name with Author/Authors in the text, e.g. (Author 2015). 

4.2. If you refer to self-cited work in the third person in the text, you can leave the full reference details in the list of references. If you replace your name (and the names of your co-authors) with Author in the text, you should replace it with Author in the list of references also, in addition to replacing the title with Title, the publisher with Publisher, and the place of publishing with Place of publishing. 

4.3. You should remove the file identifiers, as shown below*. 

4.4. You should provide a separate title page with: 

  • the title of the manuscript; 
  • the author/co-authors’ names, their ORCID iDs, affiliations and contact details (institutional e-mail address and institutional website); 
  • in case the author is a PhD student s/he should provide the names and affiliation of her/his supervisor;
  • the full references to their publications, anonymously quoted in the manuscript;
  • the acknowledgments (if relevant);
  • funding information (if relevant).

5. Proofs 

Upon acceptance and revisions (if necessary), the final version of the manuscript will be uploaded on the journal's site. A PDF copy of this version will be sent to the author to check whether some changes have happened in the process of uploading. The corrections, if any, should be marked by way of the tools in the Comment & Markup toolbar of the PDF reader. At this stage in the production process changes of the content will not be allowed except for extraordinary reasons . 


Make sure you are working from a saved copy of your manuscript as once you remove this data, it may not be recoverable:

  • In the copy of your original document, click the File tab, and then click Info.
  • Click Check for Issues.
  • From the drop-down menu choose Inspect document.
  • In the Document Inspector dialog box you will see several types of information. The check boxes in front of all those types are selected by default. 
  • Click Inspect.
  • Then in the results click Remove All next to Document properties and Personal Information.